Velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI)

Velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI) represents an incomplete closure between the soft palate and the posterior pharyngeal wall. Its etiology can be anatomical (cleft palate), neurologic, or iatrogenic (after adenoidectomy).

The evaluation of a VPI begins with a thorough speech and language assessment and can be complemented by instrumental investigations.

VPI treatment relies on its early identification, followed by a specific speech therapy management.

Surgery is performed in absence of improvement with speech therapy or in case of an anatomical defect not allowing the child to improve.

IVP management requires a multidisciplinary team management.